Indian Philosophy

Indian philosophy aims at the spiritual liberation of man and at the same time defines the path that leads to it. The path to freedom is based on three pillars, also known as the ‘three jewels’ – right vision, right knowledge, and right practice. But its division into a multitude of schools and traditions with often contradictory and conflicting theories and practices lies in the way they interpret the concept of “right.” Each school perceives the “truth” according to the teachings of its founders, firm and unchanging over time, but the study of the Indian philosophy as a whole  enables us to see the other side – the relative – that harmonizes with the subjective and the constantly changing consciousness of man. The three pillars of righteousness not only support the elevation of human consciousness to the higher states of being, but also other purposes of life – the fulfillment of the individual duty, production of wealth and values, and enjoyment of the goods of life. The truth of the transcendental unity is expressed and realized through the colorful garden of mind and human existense.

Indian philosophy courses

The Indian philosophy courses are taught by Indologist Professor Dimitriοs Vassiliadis and invited expert teachers. The methodology used is critical and enlightening and is often accompanied by slide shows, films and documentaries. The courses are weekly and monthly and take place at the Athens Center for Indian and Indo-Hellenic Studies, as well as at affiliated yoga centers and educational and cultural institutions all over Greece.

The introductory seminars are intended for beginners who wish to gain a general knowledge of specific subject areas. The seminars taught are following: “Introduction to Indian Philosophy”, “Introduction to Yoga Philosophy”, “Introduction to Kashmir Shaivism Philosophy”, “The Central Philosophy of Buddhism”, and “Grand Masters of India and their Teachings”. Each seminar consists of 8 lessons that can be done on a weekly or monthly basis.

The study of philosophical texts is addressed to students who wish to specialize in certain areas of Indian philosophy, such as Yoga, Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism, Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism, Jainism, and modern Indian philosophers. The original texts are translated and commented on, with no requirement to know Sanskrit. Some of the texts taught to date are Upanishads, Bhagavat Gita, Sankhya Karika, Yoga Sutra, Shiva Sutra, and Spanda Karika. Classes are held on a weekly basis.

Certificates of study

At the end of each course, written exams and presentations are given to students wishing to obtain a certificate of successful completion of their course. Registered students who attended at least 50% of the courses have the right to participate.

Study Courses & Registration

Lessons in Indian Philosophy are held in small groups (up to 6 students) at the Athens Center for Indian & Indo-Greek Studies or online through the ZOOM platform.. All lessons are conducted under the guidance of Indologist Professor Dimitrios Vassiliadis..

For more information and registration, please send an e-mail with your contact details to [email protected] and we will contact you soon.

Program 2020-21

Introduction to Indian Philosophy

1st study “Vedas and Upanishads”

Group A1: January – May 2020 Completed

Group A2: May – December 2020 Completed

2nd study “Indian Epics and the Bhagavad Gita”

Group B1: May 2020 – April 2021 Completed

Group B2: January 2021 – April 2021 Completed

3rd study “The Unorthodox – Buddhism, Jainism, Materialism”

Group C1: May = December 2021 Completed

Group C2: May = December 2021 Completed

4rth study ” Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika”

D1 Starting January 12, 2022
Classes every Wednesday 12:00 -2: 00 pm

D2 Starting January 12, 2022
Classes every Wednesday 20:00 -22: 00 pm

5th study “Vedanta and Tantra”

Study of Philosophical texts

The Isha Upanishad is one of the principal (mukhya) and earliest Upanishads. Its name derives from the initial words of the text, īśā vāsyam, “enveloped by the Lord”, In the eighteen verses, the metaphysical and epistemological philosophy of the Vedanta develops around the inner self (atman). It is taught in the course “Vedas and Upanishad”

The Bhagavad Gita (The Song of the Lord) is one of the most important texts in Yoga and Hinduism. It is narrated in the form of a dialogue between prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna and covers a wide range of spiritual and philosophical topics. It is taught in the course “Indian Epics – Bhagavad Gita”.

The Tattvārthasūtra, (Verses on the Meaning of Reality) is an ancient Jain text written by Acharya Umaswami in Sanskrit, sometime between the 2nd- and 5th-century CE. It is regarded as one of the earliest, most authoritative and complete philosophical texts in Jainism. It is taught in the course “The Unorthodox – Buddhism, Jainism, and Materialism”

The Dhammapada (Way of Truth) is a collection of sayings of the Buddha preserved in the Khuddaka Nikaya, a division of the Pali Canon. It is one of the most sacred books of Theravada Buddhism and a rich source of the prevalent ethical teachings at the times of the Buddha. It is taught in the course “The Unorthodox – Buddhism, Jainism, Materialism”

The Mūlamadhyamakakārikā (Root Verses on the Middle Way), is the foundational text of the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy. It was composed in Sanskrit by the Indian philosopher Nāgārjuna (approximately around 150 CE), who taught the emptiness of all phenomena. The book is regarded as one of the most influential texts in the history of Buddhist philosophy, especially in Tibet and East Asia. It is taught in the course “The Unorthodox – Buddhism, Jainism, Materialism”

The Pratyabhijñā Hṛdayam (Recognition of the divine essence) is a basic text of the pratyabhiijñā school of Kashmir Shaivism, which proclaims that the entire subjective and objective world of creation is a projection of divine consciousness. It is taught with the commentary of Ksemaraja (11th century) in the course “Introduction to the philosophy of Tantra – Kashmir Shaivism.”