Eid al-Fitr (feast of breaking of the fast) is a gazetted holiday in India and an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The festival is all about celebrating the breaking of the fast as well as thanking Allah for giving people the willpower for Ramadan.
Muslims believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and pay the Zakat (a form of alms-giving treated in Islam as a religious obligation or tax) and fitra (mystical unity with primordial human nature) before offering the Eid prayers. On the day of Eid al-Fitr, Muslims join together in mosques to perform the Eid prayer, Salat, before holding family gatherings and sharing food with friends. It is common for Islamic communities organize communal meals. Many Muslims in India also wear new clothes, visit family members, exchange Eid cards and give presents of sweets and small toys to children. Muslims greet each other on the day by saying “Eid Mubarak”, which translates as “blessed Eid”.
The day of Eid falls on the first day of Shawwal, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar.. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality.