World Hindi Day

विश्व हिंदी दिवस की हार्दिक शुभकामनाएं

World Hindi Day is celebrated on 10 January every year from 1975 onward when it was celebrated for first time in Nagpur, Maharashtra, but it was recognized as an annual holiday only in 2006 by the then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh. The purpose of the Day is to raise public awareness about the importance of the language of Hindi and to promote its recognition as an international language. The Day is celebrated by public and diplomatic services of India with special events aiming to promote the learning of Hindi at the national and international level.

Hindi is the first language of around 430 million people and is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Alongside Urdu as Hindustani, it is the third most-spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English. Hindi belongs to the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages. It is a descendant of Sanskrit, but its vocabulary and grammar have been influenced and enriched by Arabic, Persian, English and South Indian languages. Many English words have been derived from Hindi, such as chutney, loot, bungalow, guru, jungle, karma, yoga, thug, avatar and so on.

The World Hindi Day should not be confused with the Hindi Day (Hindi Divas) that was established on September 14, 1949, when it was decided to make Hindi India’s national language. The Pacific island country, Fiji also has adopted Hindi as an official language. It is also a recognized regional language in Mauritius, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname. Hindi and Nepalese share the same script — Devanagari.

In Greece, Hindi is taught at the School of Foreign Languages, University of Athens since 2005, and by ELINEPA in Thessaloniki and at the Athens Center for Indian and Indo-Greek Studies.


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